Views From Your Muse

My Favorite Flubs

By David Trottier

I’ve read a gazillion screenplays over the past several years, and the following are my ten favorite clichés and glaring goofs.  Avoid these flubs in your screenplay or handle them in a creative way. 

1.  The first scene in the screenplay is a dream, after which the character sits “bolt upright” in his or her bed. This is such a cliché that Naked Gun 33 1/3 opens with itCheck it out at YouTube (  It stands to reason that if it was a cliché then, it is certainly one now. However, your creative approach to it may be just right for your flick.

2.  The last scene in the screenplay tells us it was all just a dream.  Yes, I have seen The Wizard of Oz, but the readers didn’t groan after they read the screenplay for The Wizard of Oz.  Be as smart as a scarecrow and frighten away this tactic. 

3.  Not recognizing your script’s strengths.  You’ve heard the expression Show is better than tell.  I’d like to add a corollary to that: Recognize cinematic moments

For example, I just read a four-page dialogue scene where the characters discussed what they had done and what they were going to do.  Those four pages were followed by the following paragraph:

A raging gun battle ensues. Martinelli is eventually killed.

Riveting, isn’t it?  Somehow, I think the reader would like to see more action details of this cinematic moment and hear a little less dialogue about all that’s been happening and will happen.  At the very least, we’d like to know who killed Martinelli.  How was it done?  How did the action build?  And was Martinelli killed over a bottle of apple juice? 

4.  Descriptions of things that cannot appear on the movie screen.  For example:

John knew what he had to do, but he recalled the words of his aging mother which made him hesitate.

John’s thoughts, feelings, insights, and inner turmoil cannot appear on the movie screen by just describing them as action.  You should instead describe actions, gestures, facial expressions, and sounds that help communicate to the reader what is going on inside of John.

5.  Overwriting of both dialogue and description.  Imagine the bad guy holding a gun to a hostage’s head while the good guy points his gun at the bad guy. 

               BAD GUY
I’m glad you got your gun pointed
at her because the moment you pull
the trigger, why I am going to blow
your head clean off.

There is no room for subtext in the above speech.  The following works better:

               DIRTY HARRY
Go ahead.  Make my day.

Here’s an example of overwritten description:

The gym was littered with food wrappers, leftover hot dogs and tacos, gym clothes, and other debris.  It looked like no one had cleaned it in over a month.  It was truly a mess.

The “revision” below is taken directly from the screenplay Rocky

The gym looked like a garbage can turned inside out.

Less is more.

6.  Obvious exposition. 

Darling, do you recall my liposuction?

Yes, Sweetums, that was two years ago.
We had been married for only seventeen
months.  That was just after our puppy
choked on a chocolate donut.

We ate a lot of chocolate donuts in
those days. 

…And so on.  Let exposition emerge naturally in conversations…unless you are writing a broad comedy. 

Obvious exposition includes voiced-over narration that adds little to what we already see on the movie screen; it also includes flashbacks that stop the momentum of the movie.  As a general guideline (meaning there can be exceptions), don’t tell us about the past until we care about the present.

7.  The central character is a writer trying to break in who succeeds in the end by selling the story that we just watched on the movie screen.  It’s actually a clever idea.  I even had this idea once, as have thousands of other screenwriters. 

Another favorite plot cliché is this:  Sue’s family is killed and now Sue must find the murderer to prove her innocence/avenge her family.  If this is your idea, add a unique twist to it or execute it in an original, compelling manner. 

8.  Scene headings in the script are confusing.  For example, no location is identified in the following scene heading:


Another problem is secondary headings coming out of the blue.  For example, note below how the secondary heading does not logically follow the master scene heading:


Larry trudges out of the swamp.


Larry washes his face at the sink.

How can a bathroom be part of a swamp, and how did we get from an exterior shot to an interior shot?  Make sure you understand master scene headings and secondary headings, and how they are used. 

Finally, I often see too much description in scene headings.  For example:


That should actually be written as follows:


A pale moon shines through trees buffeted by a stiff wind.

Save the description for the description section of your script.

9.  The main character is “ruggedly handsome.” If your character is ruggedly handsome, let him prove it with his rugged actions. 

10. This final cliché example is from a query letter: “Suzie confronts her demons.” 

There must be a lot of demons out there because they are constantly confronted in query letters.  And query letters are not the only place.  In writing this personal confession, I have attempted to confront my own demons.  But oh, the nightmares continue….


Dave, ruggedly handsome, awakens bolt upright in his bed.

Keep writing…and do it with a creative flair.

DAVE TROTTIER has sold or optioned ten screenplays (three produced) and helped hundreds of writers break into the writing business.  He is an acclaimed script consultant and author of The Screenwriter’s Bible.  He also writes a column for Script Magazine and hosts the helpful web site